Reason 1 Against Reparations By David Horowitz
1. There Is No Single Group Clearly Responsible For The Crime Of Slavery Black Africans and Arabs were responsible for enslaving the ancestors of African-Americans. There were 3,000 black slave-owners in the ante-bellum United States. Are reparations to be paid by their descendants too?
Reason 1 For Reparations
1. The answer to who owes the debt for slavery is simple: the U.S. government. Article l, section 2 of the Constitution regulates the representation and taxation of all persons including those non-free persons (slaves). Hence, the U.S. government sanctioned the institution of slavery by recognizing it in the first article of the constitution. The government also maintained the laws which denied property ownership to the slave or even the standing to defend his claims in court. In March of 1857, seven out of nine Justices on the Supreme Court declared no slave or descendant of a slave could be a U.S. citizen, or ever had been a U.S. citizen. As a non-citizen, the court stated, Dred Scott had no rights and could not sue in a Federal Court and must remain a slave. At that time there were nearly 4 million slaves in America. The court's ruling affected the status of every enslaved and free African-American in the United States. The ruling served to turn back the clock concerning the rights of African-Americans, ignoring the fact that black men in five of the original States had been full voting citizens dating back to the Declaration of Independence in 1776.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10